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Big Nights and Days of Islam: Dhul Hijjah

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In the Name of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful

Prayers and Peace upon His Noble Messenger


Dhul Hijjah is the 12th and last month of the Islamic lunar calendar. It is one of the four sacred months, the other three being Muharram, Rajab & Dhul Qa’dah. Only Rajab is on its own, the other three come together. Dhul Hijjah’s significance is enormous as related in the Holy Quran, and the sayings of the Holy Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam and His Noble Companions (may Allah be pleased with them all).

Allah, Almighty and Glorious is He, says in the Holy Quran:

“And by oath of ten nights.”

                                                                                    [Al-Fajr 89:2]

Hazrat Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him and his father), the great Companion of the Holy Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam and illustrious exegete of the Holy Quran explained that the expression “and ten nights [wa layaalin ‘ashr]” refers to the ten special nights at the beginning of the month of Dhul Hijjah.

Hazrat Abu Saeed al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him), another great Companion of the Holy Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam reported that the Holy Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said:

“The chieftain [sayyid] of the months is the month of Ramadan, and the mightiest of them in sanctity [hurma] is Dhul-Hijjah.”

According to Hazrat Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him), the Holy Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said that:

“Of all the days, there are none in which Allah, Exalted is He, more dearly loves to have worshipful service performed for His sake, other than the Ten Days of Dhul Hijjah. To devote just one of the them to fasting is equivalent to fasting for one whole year, and keeping vigil on one of these nights is like keeping vigil for one whole year.”

Narrated Hazrat Ibn Abbas radi Allahu anhuma: The Prophet alayhi salatu wa salaam said,

“No good deeds done on other days are superior to those done on these (first ten days of Dhul Hijjah).” Then some Companions radi Allahu anhum of the Prophet alayhi salatu wa salaam said, “Not even Jihad?” He alayhi salatu wa salaam replied, “Not even Jihad, except that of a man who does it by putting himself and his property in danger (for Allah’s sake) and does not return with any of those things.” [Bukhari Shareef, Volume 2, Book 15, Number 86]

Sayyidina Abu Hurairah radi Allahu anhu reported that the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said,

“None of the days are dearer to Allah during which He is worshipped than the ten days of Dhul Hijjah. Fasting on each of these days is like fasting for a year and standing (in worship) on each of its nights is like standing on Laylatul Qadr.” [Jami’ At-Tirmidhi Hadeeth #758, Ibn Majah Hadeeth #1728]


Ritual Prayer to be Recited During the First Ten Days of Dhul Hijjah

Hazrat Ali (may Allah ennoble his face) reported that the Holy Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam once said:

“When the Ten [Days and Nights] of Dhul-Hijja come around, you must devote yourselves strenuously to worshipful obedience, for they are the days upon which Allah, Exalted is He, has bestowed His special favor, and He has made the sanctity of their nighttime equivalent to the sanctity of their daytime. So if a worshipper prays during any night of the Ten Nights, performing four cycles of ritual prayer [raka’at] in the last third [of the night], and including the following recitations from the Holy Quran in each cycle: 

  • Surah Al-Fatiha [1:1-7] once
  • Surah Al-Falaq [113:1-5] & Surah An-Naas[114:1-6] once each
  • Surah Al-Ikhlaas [112:1-4] 3 times and
  • Ayat Al-Kursi [2:255] 3 times

and if he  raises his hands, as soon as he has completed this ritual prayer and says: 

Subhaana Dhil-‘Izzati wal-Jabaroot. Subhaana Dhil-Qudrati wal-Malakoot. Subhaanal-Hayyil-ladhee laa yamoot. Laa ilaaha illa Huwa yuhyee wa yumeetu wa Huwa Hayyun laa yamoot. Subhaanal-laahi Rabbil-‘ibaadi wal-bilaad. Al-hamdu lil-laahi katheeran wa tayyiban wa mubaarakan ‘alaa kulli haal. Allahu Akbaru kabeera Rabbanaa jalla Jalaaluhu wa Qudratuhu bi-kulli makaan.


and if he then pleads for whatever he wishes, he will be entitled to the same reward as someone who perform the Pilgrimage to the Sacred House of Allah, visits the tomb of the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam and strives in the cause of Allah. Whatever he asks of Allah, He will surely grant him his request.


If he performs that same ritual prayer during every night of the Ten Nights, Allah, Exalted is He, will grant him lawful access to the Highest Paradise [al-Firdaws al-A’laa] and He will erase every bad deed from his record. ‘Now set about your work from a new beginning,’ he will be told.


If it happens to be the Day of ‘Arafa, and he devotes the daytime thereof to fasting and night thereof to ritual prayer, and he pronounces this invocation and he offers many a humble entreaty in the presence of Allah, Exalted is He, Allah will say: ‘O My angels, bear witness that I have granted him forgiveness, and that I have equated him with the Pilgrim of the House of Allah [al- Haajj ilaa Baitillah].’ The angels will be delighted to learn what Allah, Exalted is He, has bestowed upon that believing servant, as a reward for his ritual prayer and his invocation.”


Merits of Hajj

Hazrat Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him and his father) said:

We were in the company of Allah’s Messenger sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam, when a group of people arrived from Yemen. They said: “May our mothers and fathers be our ransom! Will you tell us about the special merits of the Pilgrimage [Hajj]?” He sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said:

“Yes! If any mans sets out from his home, as a Pilgrim or a Visitant, whenever he lifts a foot, or sets a foot down on the ground, sins are scattered from his feet, just as leaves are scattered from the trees. Then, when he reaches the city of Medina, shakes my hand, and salutes me with the greeting of peace [salaam], the angels will likewise salute him with the greeting of peace. Then when he reaches Dhul Haleefa (the miqat or meeting point for Pilgrims approaching Mecca from the direction of Medina), and performs the major ritual ablution, Allah will purify him of his sins. When he puts on two new pieces of clothing, Allah will renew his good deeds for him….” (Please refer to the source text for the entire Hadeeth, which is quite extensive.)


The Prophet alayhi salatu wa salaam’s Prayer at Arafat

Sayyidina Ali ibn Abi Talib radi Allahu anhu reported that at Arafat at the mawqif after zawal (decline of the sun), much of the supplication of Allah’s Messenger sal Allahu alayhi wa Aalihi wa sallam was:

O Allah, praise belongs to You in the manner You say but better than we say. O Allah, for You is my salah, my sacrifice, my living and my death. To You is the return for refuge. For You is my legacy. O Allah, I seek refuge in You from the punishment in the grave and the temptation in the heart and confusion in affairs. O Allah, I seek refuge in You from the evil with which the wind comes.
[Jami’ At-Tirmidhi Hadeeth #3531]

Note: Please note that the Prophet alayhi salatu wa salaam did not need to seek refuge from the punishment in the grave or the temptation in the heart or the confusion in affairs and the like as he alayhi salatu wa salaam is already protected from these. Such words were presented by his blessed tongue alayhi salatu wa salaam so it would become a Sunnah for sinners like us to follow for our salvation insha Allah.


The 9th of Dhul Hijjah

Hazrat Ibn Umar  (may Allah be pleased with him and his father) said that he heard Allah’s Messenger sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam say:

“Allah, Exalted is He, inspects His servants on the Day of ‘Arafa, and if there is an atom’s weight of faith [imaan] in the heart of any one of them, He grants them forgiveness without fail.”

Fasting on the 9th of Dhul Hijjah

Hazrat Abu Qatada al-Ansari (Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah (may blessings and peace be upon him) … was asked about fasting on the day of ‘Arafa (9th of Dhu’I-Hijja), whereupon he said:

“It expiates the sins of the preceding year and the coming year….” [Sahih Muslim, Book 006, Hadeeth #2603][1]


الله اكبر الله اكبر , لا اله الا الله و الله اكبر , الله اكبر و لله الحمد

Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar, Laa ilaaha illAllahu wAllahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar wa liLlaahil Hamd

The above is recited immediately after every congregational prayer from the Fajr prayer of the 9th of Dhul Hijjah to the Asr prayer of the 13th of Dhul Hijjah loudly. This is called Takbeeraat-ut-Tashreeq. To recite it once is Waajib and thrice is Mustahab. It is not recited after Nafl, Witr and Sunnat prayers but Waajib to be recited after Jumu’ah prayer. It may be recited after Eid-ul Adha prayer. The one who offers prayer by oneself may also recite the said Takbeer though it is not Waajib for him or her. [Source: Hamara Islam]

Ritual  Prayer to Be Recited on the 9th of Dhul Hijjah

Hazrat Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him) said that the Holy Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said:

“If someone performs four voluntary cycles of ritual prayer, on the Day of ‘Arafa, between the Dhuhr and ‘Asr reciting in each cycle Surah Al-Faatiha one time, and Surah Al-Ikhlaas 50 times, one million good deeds will be recorded in his credit column. For every letter in the Quran, he will be promoted by one level in the Garden of Paradise, the distance between each level and the next being a journey of fifty years…” (Please refer to the source text for the remaining benefits of performing this prayer.)

Also, in another traditional report, Hazrat Abdullah ibn Masud (may Allah be pleased with him) said that the Holy Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam said:

“If someone performs two voluntary cycles of ritual prayer on the Day of ‘Arafa, reciting in each cycle: 

  • Surah Al-Faatiha 3 times, each beginning with the Basmala (Bismillaahir-rahmaanir-raheem) and ending with Aameen,
  • Surah Al-Kaafiroon [109:1-6] 3 times, and
  • Surah Al-Ikhlaas once, beginning each time with the Basmala,


Allah (Exalted is He) will surely say [to the angels]: ‘Bear witness that I have granted him forgiveness for his sins.’


The Ritual Prayer of the Night of Sacrifice 

In the ritual prayer of the Night of Sacrifice (i.e. the night preceding the day of Eid), the worshipper must perform two cycles of prayer, reciting in each cycle:

  • Surah Al-Faatiha 15 times, and
  • Surah Al-Ikhlaas 15 times, and
  • Surah Al-Falaq 15 times, and
  • Surah An-Naas 15 times

After concluding the prayer he should:

  • recite Ayat-ul-Kursi 3 times
  • seek forgiveness of Allah 15 times, and then:
  • appeal for whatever he wishes from the good of this world and the Hereafter.

The Day of Eid 

When the believer sets out to attend the Festival prayer, following a particular route, he is recommended to return home by a different route. This advice is based on the report of Hazrat Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him and his father) who said that the Holy Prophet y took one road [to the congregational prayer] on the Day of the Festival, and used a different road on His way back home.

Udhiyya (Qurbani) 

The animal sacrifice (udhiyya /qurbani) is a customary practice (Sunnah) in the Hanbali, Maliki, and Shafi madhhabs, the omission of which is not recommended for anyone who is capable of performing it. In the Hanafi it is strictly necessary (wajib) (technically same as Fard in terms of implementation).



We pray that Allah, Most Glorified and Exalted is He, by the waseela (connection) of His Beloved Prophet (Prayers and Peace be upon Him) accepts the Hajj of all those who had the good fortune to go this year and may He grant the opportunity to those who desire the journey in future years. May He forgive our faults and accept our worship and make us true servants of His Noble Friends (Awliya Kiram). Aameen.


Compiled by
Syeda Shagufta Ahmad Qadri

[1] Part of a larger Hadeeth text

Written by Shagufta Ahmad

October 4, 2013 at 6:46 pm

Big Nights and Days of Islam: Eid

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It was narrated from Hazrat Abu Umaamah radi Allaahu ‘anhu: “Whoever spends the nights of the two ‘Eids in praying voluntary night prayers, seeking reward from Allah, his heart will not die on the Day when hearts will die.” [Ibn Majah, Hadeeth #1782]

Hazrat Aysha radi Allaahu ‘anhaa related: “God the Exalted showers goodness (khayr) in abundance during four nights; the Nights of Aḍḥā and Fiṭr (i.e. the night of the two ʿĪds), the Night of Mid-Shaʿbān in which deaths and provisions are determined as are the pilgrimages written, and the evening of ʿArafa until the call to prayer.” [Kanz ul-ʿUmmaal, Vol #12, Hadeeth #35215][1]

It is related from Hazrat Mu’aadh ibn Jabal radi Allaahu ‘anhu that whoever observes the night vigil during the following five nights has heaven made obligatory on him: the 8th, 9th and 10th nights of Dhul Hijjah, fourth is the night of Eid-ul-Fitr and fifth is the 15th night of Sha’baan. [At-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb, Vol #2, Hadeeth #2]

Hazrat Abu Huraira radi Allaahu ‘anhu narrates from the Holy Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa Aalihi sallam who had said that there is forgiveness for them (his ummah) during the last night (of Ramadan). It was asked: O Prophet of Allah, is it the Night of Power (Laylatul Qadr)? “No!” replied the Holy Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa Aalihi sallam, “but surely a worker receives his full reward on completion of his work.” [Musnad Ahmed]

Hazrat Abdullah ibn Abbas radi Allaahu ‘anhumaa relates: When the blessed night of Eid-ul-Fitr arrives, it is called “Laylatul Jaaizah” which means “the night of reward.” When the morning of Eid comes in, Allah sends His innocent angels to all the cities. As a result these angels come to the earth and stand at the head of every street and call out: “Oh Ummah of Prophet Muhammad sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam! Come to the Court of that Divine Lord who bestows copiously and forgives the greatest of sins!”

Then Allah addresses His creatures as follows: “O My servants! Ask! What would you like to ask? By My Honor and Majesty! Today at this gathering (of the Eid prayer) whatever you will ask Me related to your Hereafter I Will Fulfill it. And whatever you ask related to your dunya, I Will do whatever is best for you. By My Honor! As long as you pay heed to Me, I will also cover your faults. By My Honor and Majesty! I will not disappoint you with the transgressors. Now return to your homes forgiven! You have pleased Me and I am also pleased with you!” [At-Targheeb wat Tarheeb, Vol #2, Hadeeth #23]

Hazrat Syedna Wahb bin Munabbah radi Allaahu ‘anhu relates: Whenever Eid arrives, shaytaan cries out loudly. Seeing his almost faintly state, the other devils gather around him and ask: O master! Why are you angry and sad? He says: Alas! Today, Allah has forgiven Ummat-ul-Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). Therefore you lure them into sensual pleasures and selfish desires. [Mukaashafa-tul Quloob of Hazrat Imam Ghazali rahmatullah alayh, p.308]

The Six Fasts of Shawwaal

Hazrat Syedna ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar radi Allahu ‘anhumaa relates that our Holy Prophet Muhammad sal Allahu ‘alayhi wa Aalihi wa sallam said: Whoever kept the fasts of Ramadaan, then [fasted] for six days in Shawwaal, [he or she] escaped sins as if [they were] born from the mother’s womb today. [Majma’ Az-Zawaaid, Vol #3, Hadeeth #5102]

Hazrat Syedna Abu Ayyub radi Allahu ‘anhu relates that our Holy Prophet Muhammad sal Allahu ‘alayhi wa Aalihi wa sallam said: Whoever kept the fasts of Ramadaan, then after them [fasted] six days in Shawwaal, it is as if [he or she] fasted dahr (i.e. for the entire life). [Sahih Muslim, Hadeeth #1164]

Hazrat Syedna Thaubaan radi Allahu ‘anhu relates that our Holy Prophet Muhammad sal Allahu ‘alayhi wa Aalihi wa sallam said: Whoever fasted six days (in Shawwaal) after Eid-ul-Fitr, he or she fasted for the whole year because whoever brings one good deed is given ten good deeds. [Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol #2, Hadeeth #1715]


Written by Shagufta Ahmad

August 5, 2013 at 9:52 pm

IECRC Bahrain Annual Women’s Conference 2013

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BismiLlaahir Rahmaanir Raheem

Was Salaatu was Salaamu ‘alaa Rasoolihil Kareem

In its annual tradition and under the patronage of the Imam Malik bin Anas (ra) Society, the Islamic Educational and Cultural Research Center (IECRC) conducted its Annual Women’s Conference 2013 at the Bahrain Society of Engineers auditorium in Juffair, Kingdom of Bahrain on February 8, 2013. The theme of this year’s conference was “Loving the Beloved of Allah in the Footsteps of the Noble Companions.” Local speakers enlightened the audience on the lives of the Khulafa Rashideen (Rightly Guided Caliphs) and other Noble Companions (may Allah be pleased with them all) emphasizing how they lived a life of complete devotion to the Holy Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam. Invited special guest from Pakistan Hafiza Javeria Saleem graced the occasion with her moving recitation of the Holy Quran as well as poetry in praise of the Holy Prophet Muhammad sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam. The spiritual and educational gathering was attended by about 150 women and children.

Prior to the Conference opening, past and current IECRC services in the USA and Canada were presented to the audience for their reference. The Conference was then opened with welcoming the audience on behalf of IECRC’s Directors Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ahmed Qadri and Prof. Dr. Muhammad Abdullah Qadri (May Allah protect them and grant them long life with health, Aameen).

Hafiza Javeria Saleem, recipient of the “Best Female Qariya in Pakistan,”  “Youngest Qariya of Pakistan” and “Best Female Naatkhwan in Pakistan” awards, commenced this spiritual and educational gathering with a heart moving recitation of the Chapter Ar-Rahman (The Most Merciful) of the Holy Quran. Sister Sumera and Sister Ruqayya provided the Urdu and English translations of the verses respectively so the audience could benefit from the meanings of these Divine Words.

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Beautiful couplets of Hamd (Praise of Allah Almighty) were presented by Sister Atiya followed by the world renowned Qaseeda Burdah of the great 13th century CE Egyptian scholar and poet Imam Sharafuddeen Busiri rahmatullah alayh presented by Hafiza Javeria in her unique style.

A colorful and dynamic group of young children presented the famous lines of Tala’al Badru ‘alayna – the couplet that exhorts Muslims that it is obligatory upon us to show gratitude to Allah Almighty for the greatest Da’ee that this world has ever seen and will see – the Holy Prophet Muhammad sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam. It was stated that these annual IECRC Conferences in honor of the Holy Prophet Muhammad sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam were organized in response to this command to exhibit gratitude.

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DSC_0161In IECRC’s spirit of encouraging children to come forward and participate in actions of the Deen with enthusiasm and fervor, the Maghrib Adhan was called out by Taalib Riaz Shaikh followed by the Dua after the Adhan by Mariam AbdulMajid and the Durood Ibrahimi by Anas Nasser.

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As per the theme of the Conference, several speakers presented speeches on the lives of the pious Khulafa Rashidun radi Allahu anhum ajma’een. Sister Yasmin Sikandar spoke on the unmatched love that Syedna Abubakr As-Siddeeq radi Allahu anhu had for our Beloved Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam. Similarly Sister Ghazala Mustafa spoke on the devotional love of Syedna Umar Farooq ibn Al-Khattab radi Allahu anhu and Syedna Uthman Ghani ibn ‘Affan radi Allahu anhu.

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Organizing Committee member and co-founder of IECRC Bahrain’s efforts, Sister Zarine Riaz Shaikh presented poignant narrations about Syedna Ali ibn Abi Talib radi Allahu anhu. Long time community member and spiritual guide, Sister Najma Khatoon presented the importance of the Durood Ibrahimi.

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Sister Asma AbdulJabbar of the Imam Malik bin Anas (ra) Society spoke in Arabic, later briefing her talk in English, about the blessed personality of our Holy Prophet Muhammad sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam. The series of speeches was rounded off by IECRC USA & Canada representative and co-founder of its work’s expansion in Bahrain, Syeda Shagufta Ahmad who spoke on the love of Syedna Bilal ibn Rabah radi Allahu anhu for the Holy Prophet Muhammad sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam also mentioning the “Black” History month commemoration of USA.

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The educational speeches were interlaced with reverberating Naat presentations by Hafiza Javeria Saleem who ended the beautiful gathering with the Salute to our Beloved Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam and the famous Ya Ilahi prayer of the 14th century Hijri Mujaddid Syedna Imam Ahmed Raza Khan rahmatullah alayh.


Syeda Shagufta Ahmed offered the vote of thanks acknowledging the efforts of the dedicated group of sisters who worked to make this event a success along with the brothers who helped from behind the curtains. May Allah reward everyone for their contributions and may HE Almighty accept this humble effort in HIS Divine Court and present its reward as a gift in the Blessed Court of the Holy Prophet Muhammad sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam. Aameen.


We pray that this beautiful Kingdom of Bahrain be blessed with many such spiritual and Islamic activities and events. And sincerely pray that the Imam Malik bin Anas (ra) Society of Bahrain and its Chairman Shaykh Rashid bin Ebrahim Al-Muraikhey (hafadhahuLlaah) be equally rewarded for all the pious deeds and actions carried out by Muslims under their patronage and support. Aameen.

More Photos from the Conference

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Credit List:

IECRC Bahrain Women’s Conference 2013, Feb 8
Core Organizing Committee:
Syeda Shagufta Ahmad Qadri, Mrs. Zarine Riaz Shaikh, Mr. Riaz Shaikh, Mr. Zainulabedin Muhammad Qadri
Special Contributions:
Mr. Fakherul Islam Malik, Mr. Javed Ahmed
Organizing Volunteers:
Sister Sadiya Riaz Shaikh, Sister Shamim Hamid Khan, Sister Shabana Zain, Sister Shehnaz Mushtaq, Sister Shagufta Nasser, Sister Fakhira Rashid, Sister Sumera Qayyum
Event Volunteers:
Sister Sadia Naiman, Sister Shabina Khalid, Sister Ghazala Fakher, Sister Fatima Nazir, Sister Danya Mustak Shaikh, Sister Nazreen Parker, Sister Saheeba Mustak Shaikh, Sister Tanuja Shamim, Sister Samawat Malik, Brother Naiman, Brother Khalid

Children’s Naat Group:
Daff: Alim Riaz Shaikh, Mic for Daff: Inshaal Asif
Reciters: Taalib Riaz Shaikh, Alina Naiman, Rida Naiman, Anas Nasser, Ayman Nasser, Ayan Nasser, Arwa Mushtaq, Zohan Mushtaq, Arshin Jasnaik, Mariam AbdulMajid, Saira Qayyum, Farha Qayyum, Taniya Qayyum, Qasim Qayyum, Ameena Hamid Khan, Shahadat Haque, Mohammad Ahmed, Mohammad Islam, Amira Rashid, Eman Rashid, Noor Asif, Anam Asif, Aqsa Asif, Faiza Salauddin Shaikh, Filza Hashmi, Shayaan Hashmi, Mudassir Mustafa, Hassan Mustafa
A special acknowledgment to Brother Rizwan of Dnata

And our very special thanks to:
The Imam Malik Bin Anas Society – BUSAITEEN – Kingdom of Bahrain
For any errors in this report, please write to

Written by Shagufta Ahmad

February 27, 2013 at 10:38 pm

Richard Coleman on Islamic heritage

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Written by Shagufta Ahmad

November 1, 2012 at 8:53 pm

Posted in News

IECRC Youth Discussion Forum (YDF)*: Sports

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Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem

As-salam Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakaatuhu!

SPORTS!  What is sports? – Sports are different kinds of activities we do in order to stay fit and healthy. Sports these days are the pleasures people prefer to indulge in. People play different sports such as basket-ball, badminton and so forth to maintain their health status and do activities such as aerobics and gymnastics, to stay fit. All of these come under the sports of everyday life or in other terms, activities of everyday life.

Allah The Exalted has given guidance for everything in life. Even Sports! People usually think that things which are not mentioned in the Qur’an are of no importance and we should avoid them. Even though sports is not mentioned in the Qur’an, The Holy Qur’an clearly gives the basic principles of playing sports in Islam. When a Muslim plays sports or indulges himself in certain activities, he should keep in mind that he is bound by the principles of ISLAM. These include basic principles like:

• Firstly, Cleanliness: Not only in sports but also in general, hygiene is a very important factor one should keep in mind while doing anything, sports in particular. We should wear clean clothes and have the proper equipment for playing the sport.

• Secondly, No Cheating: This is also among the most important factors, where the person playing should have a clear and clean mind. He should be fair in his actions and prevent malpractices which may harm his fellow opponents.

• Thirdly, No Violence: Even though we try as hard as we can to avoid fouls during a game, we never succeed. Everyone makes mistakes. Having an open mind is very important so that we can think through the situation in a fair manner. We can do this by avoiding being very aggressive and try to co-operate with the fellow mates.

• Fourthly, No Addiction: Obsession! Addiction! These days the minds of young kids have become violent due to their obsession for sports, may it be indoor or outdoor sports. In outdoor sports, we have certain sports like cricket, football and so forth which are the main addictions to the minds of teen boys. In indoor sports, the latest source of obsession for every kid is the PLAY STATION. When the kids get their hands on the gaming controller, they forget about food, parents, manners  and their responsibilities. They try to postpone their work just so they can catch a few minutes of pleasure. Addiction to anything is strictly forbidden in the Holy  Qur’an and sports is no exception.

In addition to the principles described above, there is one more important rule which every Muslim should follow without any excuse:

MODESTY: This rule applies to both men and women. In the case of men, they must cover between the naval and knees. In the case of women, they are to wear loose clothes which do not show the shape of their bodies. Their hands, legs and head should be covered. Let us take the example of a popular sport, Wrestling. In this sport, we see people who have a bad sense of clothing, in other terms wearing almost nothing. It is not only haraam for them to wear such clothes but it is also a sin on our part to watch them in these vulgar clothes.

Before we move ahead with this topic, I’d like to bring another important aspect to your attention. Did you know that all actions we perform in our day-to-day life fall into five different categories which are described as below:

1) Fardh (obligatory) – All actions which fall in this category are made necessary for us to follow. They are therefore, ‘fardh’ and  we will be punished if we don’t perform them sincerely. Eg: Salat (5 times a day), Fast (in the Holy  Month of Ramadan)

2) Mandub (recommended) – In this category if you do the particular action which is mandub, then you will get its reward but if you don’t do it then you will not get a gunaah (sin). Eg: In Dhuhr prayer, we have 4 cycles of sunnah prayers, 4 cycles of fardh prayers and 2 cycles of sunnah prayers which are all necessary for us to pray. But we also have the 2 cycles of nafl prayers which if prayed will get us a reward and if not prayed won’t get us any gunaah.

3) Mubah (neutral) – In this category are actions which do not have any inherent reward or sin – it depends on our intention. Eg: Suppose you wear a red shirt gifted by your mother without thinking about it. In this case you will not get any reward or sin. However if you wear it with the intention to make your Mom happy, then this action will get you a reward. Most sports would fall into this category except for three which will be mentioned in a Hadeeth below. If the sport is played for a good intention while keeping within all the bounds of the Shari’ah (Islamic law), it can get us a reward and if played for a bad reason or by breaking the rules of Islam, can even get us a sin.

4) Makrooh (disliked) – These actions are disliked by Allah Almighty. However we won’t be punished if we do them but if we avoid them then Allah Almighty will reward us. Eg: We should always pray salat on time. If we are free and wasting our time, leaving namaz for the last minute, it is definitely Makrooh.

5) Haram (forbidden) – The name says it all. The  actions which fall in this category, are strictly forbidden by Allah and by doing this we will be punished no doubt! Eg: Drinking alcohol, immodesty etc.

Let us now talk about the advantages of sports in Islam.

–> It helps to develop the health status of a person. By playing sports, we can stay fit and healthy and can avoid certain illnesses such as obesity.

–> It allows people to interact with each other, with sports being a medium of interaction.

–> Team sports such as cricket, develops important qualities such as leadership, team co-operation and better understanding among fellow mates.

–> Acting and singing (recitation) can also be good activities depending on our intention. But then again it depends on how we see them. If we use our singing (recitation) to improve our vocals and sing (recite) hymns in the praise of Allah ALMIGHTY and poems to praise Our Beloved Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam we would get numerous thawaab or rewards. Similarly if we are acting in role plays or theater the purpose of which is to convey important messages to benefit society then this can be a good act also.

Sports can become a good deed if we remove all the bad things such as cheating, violence, addiction etc. It can also become a good deed if we are doing it for a specific reason such as to stay fit or for a charity. It should not be solely for our own pleasure and purpose. Any sport or activity which becomes an addiction is not good and strictly forbidden in the rules of Islam.

Islam is the most pure religion. Where ever it goes, it purifies it. It decides the actions we do are good or bad. It makes us think whether these actions would harm us or be of any good to us. In short, the main objective of Islam, irrespective of any topic, is to remove the bad and add the good. We should therefore, indulge in good healthy sports but not for the pleasure of it but for the benefit of it to keep us healthy. There are many sports which are excellent examples of good healthy sports such as swimming, squash etc. The Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) advised to be involved in three sports: swimming, archery and horseback riding. Swimming is the best exercise because it involves just about every muscle in the body. Archery teaches us precision. Horseback riding makes us sensitive to response because horses are very sensitive to the feelings of its rider. So participating in these sports would actually fall in the category of Mandub as described above.

We should all try to stay fit and healthy by playing the above mentioned  sports by having a good intention of it benefitting us. As the Bukhari Shareef’s  Hadeeth states, “Innamal A’amaalu bin Niyyaat” – Every action depends on its intention.

Thank You!

Sadiya Riaz Shaikh, Kingdom of Bahrain

Sadiya Riaz Shaikh is an active youth participant of IECRC Bahrain. She is the daughter of Mrs. Zarine and Mr. Riaz Shaikh who have contributed greatly to the development of IECRC work in Bahrain.

* YDF (Youth Discussion Forum) is an IECRC effort initiated in the Kingdom of Bahrain in order to engage Muslim youth in thoughtful and vibrant discussions on topics that are of interest to THEM. All too often youth are exposed to Islam in a one directional manner as a dry set of do’s and don’ts failing to reveal its rich intellectual heritage and spiritual depth and beauty. Through these discussions on topics chosen by the youth themselves, the goal of the YDF is three fold:

  1. To make youth realize that there is no topic that can be separated from the holistic principles and balanced values of Islam, whether it is the internet, music or movies; that Islam guides every area of life beyond praying, fasting and reading the Holy Quran.
  2. To break the stereotype that Islam is a dry set of do’s and don’ts and that on the contrary it is a vast and vibrant religion with a rich historical heritage which encourages intellectual discussions, not for the sake of polemics but for the sake of Allah and His Beloved Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him and his family and companions.)
  3. To break the stereotype that Islam doesn’t care about how you feel about things. On the contrary Islam is very sensitive to human emotions and provides practical tools to channel it in a productive way thereby nurturing the spirit.

Written by iecrc

August 12, 2012 at 5:30 pm

The Nature of Fasting

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Have you not seen the stick of incense?

Burn itself to ashes it must

So others might receive its fragrance

The nature of giving is such


Have you noticed the leaves of tea?

How they must withstand hot water

Soothing the nerves of one and many

Through their exquisite and sundry a flavor


Have you noticed the green trees?

How they must absorb the heat of the sun

Giving the traveler a shade to please

And producing life-sustaining oxygen


Have you not seen the ore of metal?

How it must melt in the heat of the kiln

So the impurities may burn or settle

And the precious metal we may dress in


Have you noticed the black coal?

How it must withstand tremendous pressure

For years and years to reach its goal

To become a diamond for our pleasure


Have you not seen our father and mother?

How they give up everything

So their children can be more than better

And can have the best upbringing


And our Beloved Prophet Muhammad

Countless Prayers and Peace of Allah be upon him

How he stayed up all night, never tired

Continuously praying to Allah to forgive our sins


Such indeed is also the nature of fasting

To increase within us, the spirit of service

The self, must always be annihilating

And truly in this, is lasting bliss


Syeda Shagufta Ahmad Qadri

Written by Shagufta Ahmad

July 18, 2012 at 8:04 pm

The Prophet’s (Prayers and Peace of Allah Be upon him) Sermon on the Last Day of Sha’ban

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It has been reported by Bayhaqi, Shu’b-al-Iman & Bahaar-e-Shariat that Hazrat Salman al-Farisi (may Allah be pleased with him) once said that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (prayers and peace of Allah be upon Him) delivered the following sermon on the last day of Sha’ban:

O people, a mighty month has cast its protective shade to screen you. A blessed month in which there is a night that is better than a thousand months! Allah has made keeping the fast therein an obligatory religious duty and the observance of the night vigil therein a voluntary practice. If someone seeks to draw near [to the Lord] there in by setting just one example of good conduct, or performs just one religious obligation, that person will be exactly the same as someone who discharges seventy religious obligations during all the other months of the year.

It is the month of patient endurance, and the reward for patient endurance is the Garden of Paradise. It is the month of charitable sharing, and it is the month in which the sustenance of the true believer is increased. So, if someone provides a breakfast meal [Iftaar] for a person who is keeping fast, this will result in forgiveness for his sins, and in his emancipation from the Fire of Hell. The benefactor will also be granted a reward equivalent to that earned by the recipient of generosity, but without anything at all being deducted from the reward due to the latter.

Allah will grant this reward to anyone who gives some kind of breakfast nourishment to a person who is keeping the fast, even if it is merely dried dates, a drink of water, or a cup of diluted milk.

It is a month the beginning of which is mercy, the middle of which is a forgiveness, and the last part of which is a deliverance from the Fire of Hell. So, if a slave-holder lightens the burden borne by his slave* in this month, Allah will forgive him and grant him freedom from the Fire of Hell.

Furthermore, if someone provides a satisfying breakfast meal, in the course of this month, for a person who is keeping the fast, Allah (Exalted is He) will give the benefactor a drink from my Basin, after which he will never feel thirsty again.

Extracted from IECRC’s Ramadan: The Month of Patience, Empathy and Self Purification (includes essentials prayers related to Ramadan)

*Please note that slavery as understood by the modern world is prohibited in Islam. This refers to anyone who is under one’s payroll providing services.

Written by Shagufta Ahmad

July 18, 2012 at 5:33 am

IECRC Holy Quran Conference 2012, Bahrain: Press Release

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Contacts: Ms. Shagufta Ahmad, Mr. and Mrs. Riaz Shaikh / Mr. and Mrs. Fakher Malik
Organization Name: Islamic Educational and Cultural Research Center USA and Canada
Telephone Numbers: +1 5109389253/ +973 39229808 / +973 33331494
Email Addresses: / /
Web site addresses:

IECRC Holy Quran Conference 2012, Bahrain

Manama, Bahrain, February 11, 2012 — Under the patronage of the Pakistan Embassy Bahrain, the Islamic Educational and Cultural Research Center, a decade old US and Canada based non-profit organization, held its 2nd annual conference in the Kingdom of Bahrain. Dedicated to bringing forth the unifying message of the Holy Quran under the motto of “One God, One Prophet, One Book,” the conference was held on Saturday February 4, 2012 marking the memorial of the blessed birth of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him, his family and companions) at the prestigious Bahrain Arts Centre Cultural Hall. The Conference held two sessions: one for women only and one for the entire family.

Women’s Session

Participants of Women, Youth and Children’s Program

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The half day program commenced with the women’s session compeered by Mrs. Zarine Riaz and Ms. Shagufta Ahmad. The session began with a recitation from the Holy Quran followed by speeches and poetry in praise of Allah Almighty (Hamd) and the Holy Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him (Naat) by youth and children. The speeches focused on the brilliance of the Arabic language of the Holy Quran, its miracles, rights upon Muslims and daily practices. They were movingly delivered by IECRC’s illustrious youth group. There was also a Children’s program compeered by Ms. Sadiya Riaz Shaikh which included participation by youth on the memorization of 40 Hadeeth and a Children’s Prize Distribution based on memorizing essential supplications (duas) in the life of a Muslim, a booklet developed by Mrs. Zarine Riaz Shaikh. IECRC salutes the mothers of the children and youth and the teachers of IECRC under whose guidance and relentless efforts the youth and children actively participated on this momentous occasion.

You  may view a recording of the Women’s Session here:

Family Session

Hafiz Prof Dr Muhammad Abdullah Qadri delivering Keynote address

Shaykh Rashid Al-Muraikhi Guest of Honor addressing audience

Pakistan Ambassador Mr Jauhar Saleem addressing audience

The family session was the highlight of the program with Chief Guest Pakistan Ambassador Mr. Jauhar Saleem, Guest of Honor Shaykh Rashid Al-Muraikhi and Keynote Speaker Hafiz Prof. Dr. Muhammad Abdullah Qadri who had flown in from Karachi with his son Mr. Muhammad Tahir Qadri, Producer of Shifa TV to grace the audience with his knowledge and spirituality. Hafiz Dr. Abdullah Qadri, a descendant of the Bani Hashim is a distinguished scholar of the highest caliber who has not just reached the pinnacle in Islamic knowledge but also in the contemporary sciences and is well aware of how to blend the two to provide solutions to modern man’s many ailments. The most remarkable characteristic about the distinguished keynote speaker was that he has excelled in all fields of life despite being deprived of external vision. He is a shining example that in reality what matters is one’s inner vision to achieve the apex of human potential.

Ambassador Jauhar Saleem emphasized the importance of the inner dimension of Islam which deals with ethics and behavior as a means to change its waning image around the world. Shaykh Rashid head of the Jameeah Imam Malik radi Allahu anhu in a poignant speech delivered in Arabic, highlighted the great stature of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and his parents (may Allah have mercy on them).

Hafiz Dr. Abdullah Qadri illuminated the audience on the inherent connection between the Quran and the Sahib-ul-Quran, i.e. the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) through whom humanity received this blessed book from Allah Almighty. Without a meaningful connection with Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and deep love for him, it is not possible to benefit from the Holy Quran was his essential message. Developing love in the hearts of our men, women, youth and children for the Holy Quran and the Sahib-ul-Quran (peace be upon him) was the essential purpose of this gathering as it is this love which is the driving force for virtuous actions at an individual level and improved understanding amongst individuals and betterment of communities at a societal level.

Mr. Riaz Shaikh – Organizing Committee welcoming attendees to Family Program

Mr. Muhammad Tahir Qadri Producer Shifa TV receiving plaque

Mr. Aarif Compeering Family Program

Mr. Fakher Malik – Organizing Committee delivering Vote of Thanks


The audience was welcomed by Mr. Riaz Shaikh on behalf of IECRC’s Founding Director Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ahmed Qadri. The evening was eloquently compeered by Mr. Aarif and the vote of thanks was delivered by Mr. Fakher Malik another key member of the organizing committee. Plaques were given to Ambassador Saleem, Shaykh Al-Muraikhi, Hafiz Abdullah Qadri, Dr. Ahmed Qadri and Mr. Tahir Qadri. IECRC’s flagship print publication World Peace Order: Towards an International State was also presented to the two guests on this occasion. The program ended with salutations to the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and a congregational supplication for all present and for Muslims and humanity in general.

Audience Family Program

IECRC wholeheartedly expresses its deep gratitude to the organizing committee, volunteers, participants, sponsors and audience for their efforts and attendance without which this program could not have received the success that Allah bestowed it. IECRC especially thanks its sponsors Zangari Restaurant, Reliance Press, Mr. Javed Ahmed of Gulf Gate Hotel and Mr. Hashmi of Axis Arepro for their support and contributions. Last but not least, special thanks to Mr. Taj Khan and all other members of the community for their support as well. The Conference pictures, videos and presentations will insha Allah be available on the IECRC website at The Conference will also insha Allah be telecast on IECRC’s Shifa TV at

You  may view a recording of the Family Session here:

To view the IECRC presentation made at the Conference, please click here:

IECRC Holy Quran Conference 2012 Historical Presentation

Written by Shagufta Ahmad

February 12, 2012 at 6:56 pm

IECRC Youth Discussion Forum (YDF)*: The Internet

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Topic Suggested by: Faiz Zain (age 15 yrs), Kingdom of Bahrain

Discussion Script by: Saheeba Shaikh (age 20 yrs), Kingdom of Bahrain


The history  of the Internet starts  in the 1950s and 1960s as a global system of interconnected computer networks. The internet has changed our way of life. It is like a revolution that changed  the map of the world. As we know, Islam is a way of life. There is no topic  that is not related to Islam. Islam is often mistaken as a rigid religion. In  fact Islam is very wide, it is not rigid, and it only purifies the culture,  practices and other things through its principles for the betterment of all humanity. To understand the link between Internet and Islam, let us first understand what the sources of Information in Islam are. There are 2 types of sources
viz. Primary and Secondary. Primary sources are the Glorious Holy Quran and the Blessed Prophetic Hadeeth. The secondary sources are Ijma (Consensus-opinion of majority of Scholars) and Qiyas (Analogy-to apply a known  injunction to a new circumstance and create a new injunction). Now, since the internet has evolved only half a decade ago, any exact verse in the Quran or the Hadeeth has not been provided. Although Islam may not have talked about the Internet specifically, it has talked about the universal principles that govern the use of the internet. Thus we have to apply Qiyas in order to evaluate the internet in the light of Islam.

Internet as a Means of  Communication

What is the internet? It is basically a network connecting different devices for the purpose of communication. Thus, we know the main essence of internet is communication. There are many Hadeeth that provide us the guidelines as to how we should communicate with others. The main guidelines as told by our beloved Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) are:

Whenever you speak, only speak the truth:

Narrated ‘Abdullah radi Allahu anhu:

The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “Truthfulness leads to righteousness, and righteousness leads to Paradise. And a man keeps on telling the truth until he becomes a truthful person. Falsehood leads to Al-Fajur (i.e. wickedness, evil-doing), and Al-Fajur (wickedness) leads to the (Hell) Fire, and a man may keep on telling lies till he is written before Allah, a liar.” (Sahih Bukhari, Volume 8, Book 73, number 116)

Narrated Samura bin Jundub radi Allahu anhu:

The Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “I saw (in a dream), two men came to me.” Then the Prophet (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) narrated the story (saying), “They said, ‘The person, the one whose cheek you saw being torn away (from the mouth to the ear) was a liar and used to tell lies and the people would report those lies on his authority till they spread all over the world. So he will be punished like that till the Day of Resurrection.”‘ (Sahih Bukhari, Volume 8, Book 73, Number 118)

Thus we know that, we must always abstain from telling lies even on the internet, like updating a Facebook status which is a lie, Tweeting a false statement or even e-mailing someone a lie.

Do not Backbite and slander and spy others :

“O you who believe! Avoid much suspicion, indeed some suspicions are sins. And spy not neither backbite one another. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You would hate it (so hate backbiting). And fear God, verily, God is the One who accepts repentance, Most Merciful.” (Holy Quran Al-Hujurat 49: 12)

 Prophet Muhammad (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “Do you know what backbiting is?” They said, “God and His Messenger know best.” He then said, “It is to say something about your brother that he would dislike.” Someone asked him, “But what if what I say is true?” The Messenger of God (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “If what you say about him is true, you are backbiting him, but if it is not true then you have slandered him.” (Muslim)

Thus we must refrain ourselves from any kind of backbiting, slander or even spying on the internet. We must not hack into others’ accounts or publish someone else’s private information without their permission. We must also not access some else’s account if they forget to sign out. We must also refrain from any vain, unnecessary talk like gossiping. If a group is indulged in such talk we must leave the group. Same applies to the internet.

Internet as a Source of Information

The second aspect of internet is that it serves as a source of information. We must first understand the difference between Data, Information and Knowledge.  Data are raw facts. E.g.: The letter “A”. As a single letter it doesn’t tell us much. However when combined with other letters and processed into a word such as “A”pple, it then becomes information, because the world “Apple” gives us the information that it is a fruit, its color may be red etc. Information therefore is processed data. Knowledge on the other hand is Light, it shows you the way, and is beneficial guidance. E.g.: An apple a day, keeps a doctor away. True knowledge will always benefit you. Internet can only be considered as a source of information and not a source of knowledge, i.e. guidance. We can get a world of information from the internet but not all of it may be correct. Therefore, we cannot consider it an authoritative source of knowledge because the internet can also be misguiding. The only true sources of guidance are the teachers and scholars who have the insight to process the information into knowledge which truly benefits. Nothing can replace a teacher. In the Islamic context, Information available on the internet cannot be considered superior to knowledge of the Ahle-dhikr (the People of Remembrance, i.e. the pious scholars.) As a matter of fact, the Holy Quran commands us to turn to the Ahle-Dhikr when we want knowledge:

 “…Ask the People of Remembrance, if you do not know.” (Holy Quran Al-Ambiya 21:7, An-Nahl 16:43)

We may gain much information from the internet but to say that we have the knowledge of Islam more than the learned scholars because we have read it on the internet is absolutely wrong. Apart from this, when we pass on the information to others on the internet, we must also make sure the information we pass is true and authentic. We should not blindly forward emails to others without checking its authenticity.

Internet as a Means of Da’wah (Invitation)

The third and the final aspect of the internet is that it is a means of Da’wah, i.e. inviting others to Islam in the best way. As we know internet is amongst the fastest ways to communicate to a large number of people at a time, we can use it to our advantage and gain much reward (sawab.)

“Invite to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islam) with wisdom and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better. Truly, your Lord knows best who has gone astray from His Path, and He is the Best Aware of those who are guided.” (Holy Qur’an, An-Nahl 16:125)

Thus we know the importance of Da’wah in Islam. We must all utilize the internet as a tool to teach and inform others about the truth of Islam especially given the many negative stereotypes that have become prevalent these days.


  • We can use the technique of Qiyas (Analogy) to relate Islam and Internet;
  • The main Guidelines to follow when using internet as a tool to communicate are: Always speak the truth; Never Backbite, Slander or Gossip; Respect each other’s privacy;
  • We must take care while we use the internet as a source of information. We must not rely on it as an authoritative source of guiding knowledge – this can only come from the pious scholars;
  • We must use internet as a tool to do Da’wah;

Saheeba Shaikh
(age 20 yrs), Kingdom of Bahrain


* YDF (Youth Discussion Forum) is an IECRC effort initiated in the Kingdom of Bahrain in order to engage Muslim youth in thoughtful and vibrant discussions on topics that are of interest to THEM. All too often youth are exposed to Islam in a one directional manner as a dry set of do’s and don’ts failing to reveal its rich intellectual heritage and spiritual depth and beauty. Through these discussions on topics chosen by the youth themselves, the goal of the YDF is three fold:

  1. To make youth realize that there is no topic that can be separated from the holistic principles and balanced values of Islam, whether it is the internet, music or movies; that Islam guides every area of life beyond praying, fasting and reading the Holy Quran.
  2. To break the stereotype that Islam is a dry set of do’s and don’ts and that on the contrary it is a vast and vibrant religion with a rich historical heritage which encourages intellectual discussions, not for the sake of polemics but for the sake of Allah and His Beloved Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him and his family and companions.)
  3. To break the stereotype that Islam doesn’t care about how you feel about things. On the contrary Islam is very sensitive to human emotions and provides practical tools to channel it in a productive way thereby nurturing the spirit.

Written by Shagufta Ahmad

September 5, 2011 at 2:47 pm

On Lunar and Solar Eclipses – From the Malfuzat of Khwaja Uthman Haruni (ra)

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The following is an excerpt taken from Session 2 of the Anees ul-Arwah–The Malfuzat of Khwaja Uthman Haruni (rehmatullahi alyhe)–as recorded by Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti (rehmatullahi alayhe):

Regarding the matter of eclipse of the Sun and Moon, their reality is so that the bondsmen of God inclines to prayer and piety out of fear of their Lord taking them to task. The master (may the mercy of God be upon him) said regarding the Sun and Moon eclipse that Ibn Abbass (may the mercy of God be upon him and his father) relates that during the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) there occurred a Lunar Eclipse. So, someone asked the Final Messenger a question, upon which the Prophet (pace be upon him) responded that when humanity goes beyond its boundaries in wrong actions or sin then Lunar and Solar eclipses occur. The face of the Sun and that of the Moon are darkened so that creation may take heed (from the metaphor).

The Ilm Qiyaafah mentions that if a Lunar Eclipse occurs in the month of Muharram then in that that year there will be much bloodshed and corruption. If it occurs in the month of Rabi ul-Awwal then there will be increased famine, death and floods. If it occurs in the month of Rabi ul-Aakhir then change of leadership and anarchy will occur in the nation. If it occurs during the month of Jamadi ul-Awwal then there will be overflowing rain and unexpected death. In Jamadi ul-Aakhir there will be bumper crops , affordable prices, and people will have a higher quality of life. If it occurs in the month of Rajab on a Friday  then in that year there I will be hunger, calamity, along with darkness in the sky. If it occurs in the month of Shaban, then there will be treaties between people and relative calm. If it occurs during the month of Ramadan, on the first Friday, then there will be increased events of thunder from the sky. In the month of Shawwal men-related sicknesses will be inflicted. If it occurs during the month of Dhu al-Hijjah, then the rest of the year will be full of happiness and relative calm. If it occurs in the month of Muharram then the entire year will be in corruption, and humanity will find fault in others, people will destroy their hereafter and hypocritical wealthy people will be honored over others deserving of it.

After mentioning this, the master busied himself in worship and the people returned home and praise to God for that (lesson).

Translated by Sharaaz Khan
26 Shaban 1432 Hijri