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Shaykh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehlawi (1551-1642 CE) (May Allah Be Please With Him)

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June 19, 2005 / Jammad-ul Awwal 12, 1426

Issue 8

It is Allah Almighty’s Blessed Manner to take humanity out of polytheism, disbelief and misguidance through His Noble Prophets (may peace be with them all). These holy personalities transport humanity in moments to a state where human thought reaches after many stages of development.

Prophethood was sealed with the Master of the two worlds, the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him). No new Prophet will come after Him (Peace Be Upon Him). However, in order to continue the Prophetic endeavor, immense personalities rose to the occasion who we know as the Noble Friends or Awliya Allah. These are those great individuals for whom the spread of the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) was their life’s purpose.

The Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) said:

No doubt Allah Almighty raises for this Ummat someone at the turn of each century to renew the Deen for it.

[Abu Dawood]

The 11th century Hijri renewer (Mujaddid) and preserver of the Deen of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him), famous scholar of Islam, leader of the scholars of Hadeeth (Muhadditheen), Hazrat Shaykh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehlawi (d. 1642 CE / 1052 Hijri, may Allah be pleased with him) is one such great personality of the Islamic world who needs no introduction.

He was the true pioneer in the Indian Subcontinent in the dissemination of Hadeeth literature. Along with commentary on Hadeeth, he authored many books, the most distinguished of which is the Madarijun Nubuwwat. Originally written in Farsi this magnum opus has been translated into other languages and is a pivotal reference point for modern scholars on the subject of life of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him).

This leader of the Ahle Sunnat interpretation of Islam was born in Dehli in 1551 CE / 958 Hijri. His ancestry hails from originally from Bukhara and includes the names of Agha Muhammad Turk Bukhari, and Sultan Muhammad Alauddin Khilji, who migrated from Bukhara to Dehli. His father, Shaykh Saifuddin Dehlawi a very pious personality was a spiritual disciple (mureed) and Khalifa of the Qadri Spiritual Order (silsila / tareeqa) of Shaykh Amanullah.

He read the entire Quran in 3 months from his father. At the age of 13 he had completed studying books on Islamic Creed (Aqaid) and at the age of 18 had gained all the Islamic knowledges. He had a phenomenal memory. He would narrate his childhood weaning experience as though the incident had occurred yesterday. He studied inheritance laws, logic, and theology under various teachers. He spent 21-22 hours everyday studying and completed all of his education in 7-8 years. He would present his thoughts to his teachers who would remark that they are benefiting from him! He was also blessed to learn the internal knowledges from his father.

It was the time of Akbar during the Mughal rule in India, which was a time of great dishonor of Islam. The Mughal king tried to influence the Shaykh (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him) but the latter’s heart was filled with the love of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) and the king did not succeed in their ill-intentioned efforts. The Shaykh, however, was so disheartened that he left India for Hijaz, where he studied famous texts such as Bukhari, Muslim, Mishkat Shareef and Tasawwuf books under Shaykh Abdul Wahhab Muttaqi (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him). He gained much intellectual and spiritual knowledge and achieved high spiritual stations under this Shaykh.

Shaykh Abdul Haq (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him) arrived into Madinah by the permission of his Shaykh. He stayed there for about a year. While in the lighted city of Madinah, he respectfully walked its streets bare-foot and had the vision of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) 4 times.

He loved to worship and be engaged in spiritual exercises. His first bai’ah (spiritual contract) was with his father. In 1001 Hijri he took bai’ah with Hazrat Musa Pak Shaheed Multan (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him). In Makkah he took bai’ah with Shaykh Abdul Wahhab Muttaqi (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him) in the Qadri, Naqshbandi, Shadhili & Madaniya Spiritual Orders. He then returned to India where he was honored by the bai’ah of Hazrat Khwaja Muhammad Baqi Billah (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him) of the Naqshbandi Spirtual Order at the spiritual command of Hazrat Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him).

Shaykh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehlawi’s (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him) age was one of darkness where the “Mehdavi Tehreek” of Mohammad Jondpuri was at its peak. Jondpuri used to spread the audacious and false claim that he had reached the state of perfection of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) and that this was available to all worshippers, that they could reach his state through worship (may Allah protect us!) Such outrageous beliefs were challenged and proved false by Hazrat Shaykh (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him) and his towering contemporaries: Shaykh Ahmed Sirhindi (Mujaddid Alf Sani), Ibne Hajr Makki, Hazrat Ali Muttaqi (may Allah have mercy on them all). They preserved the Sunnah and great status of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) and spent their lives doing so.

This was a critical period in Islamic history where Akbar, the Mughal king, had ruined the name and message of Islam. He made fun of Prophethood of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) and the Prophetic Ascension (Mi’raj). The sun was worshipped four times a day. Marriage to polytheists was allowed He named his distorted innovation as Deen-e-Ilahi. During this dangerous time, Hazrat Shaykh (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him) raised his voice and started to write against these misguidances to the vizirs and high people in the king’s court. These letters proved to be very effective. These letters spoke of the love of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him).

This was also a time when Hadeeth had almost disappeared in Subcontinent. By Allah Almighty’s Grace the Shaykh (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him) revived this fundamental Islamic Science and began to teach Hadeeth as a mission. He established a Dar-ul-Uloom where all the Islamic Sciences were taught. He spent the rest of his life writing and teaching. Today, all of his writings are regarded with much esteem and respect all over the world. He wrote on every topic in Islam: Tafseer, Logic, Tajweed, Tasawwuf, History, Khutbat, Hadeeth, Ikhlaq, Makatib, Aqaid, Grammar, Poetry, and more. He has written 60 books the most famous of which are:

1.        Ash’aatul Ma’aat (Commentary on Mishkat Shareef; Persian)

2.        Madarijun Nubuwwat (Comprehensive Seerat; Persian)

3.        Akhbarul Akhyar (Syed Tazkirah, Information on the scholars of India; Persian)

4.        Jazbul Quloob fi Diyaril Mahboob (Tareekh-e-Madina, History; Urdu)

5.        Zaudatul Aasar (Manaqib on Ghaus-e-Pak ; Arabic)

6.        Takmeelul Iman (Beliefs of the Ahle Sunnat; Farsi)

7.        Commentary on Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani’s (Peace Be Upon Him) Futuhul Ghayb (Farsi)

8.        Masabt bi Sunnah (Compilation of Hadeeth related to Muamalat in the 12 months; Arabic)

9.        Fahras At-Tawaaleef (Arabic)

10.     Marajul Bahrayn (Tasawwuf; Farsi)

11.     Tauseelul Mureed ilal Muraad (Tasawwuf; Farsi)

If one includes his magazine publications, then there are 116 in total.

The blessed Shaykh (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him) loved the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him). He would go into a state of ecstasy upon hearing His Blessed Name. The following is a translated excerpt of a Naat he wrote in Farsi:

“Recite Naat of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him), but since you cannot do justice to this topic, suffice with mentioning His Beauty.

O Messenger of Allah Almighty, I am distressed due to the separation from your beauty, grant your Vision and have mercy on the life of this lover.

The darkness of showing off has darkened the world. Please come and enlighten it with your Light.”

The sun that had enlightened the air of India passed on to the Divine Realm on 21 Rabiul Awwal, 1052 Hijri at the age of 94 years. Indeed to Allah we belong and to Him is our return. The great scholar and Saint rests in Delhi and his blessed grave is a place for pious visitation. Through his writings Hazrat Shaykh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehlawi (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him) clarified the high status and station of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) and said that His love is the life of the Deen. His contributions to the renewal and preservation of the essence of Islam are undeniable. We pray that Allah Almighty gives us the Divine Guidance to benefit from the works of this great Friend of His. Aameen.

Syeda Zille Humma Qadri

Syeda Qadri is a research scholar for IECRC. She conducts monthly spiritual and educational gatherings for women and children and is a guest speaker at various religious events. She is an active mother of 3 young children.

Written by iecrc

June 9, 2010 at 4:51 pm

Ghauth ul-A’zam Shaykh Syed Abdul Qadir al-Jilani (may Allah be pleased with him)

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The Crown of the Saints (the Sultan of the Awliya of Allah), Syeduna Shaykha Abdul Qadir al-Jilani (may Allah be pleased with him) is a descended from the family of the Blessed Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) both from Hadrat Husayn and Hadrat Husan radiallahu anhuma. His status in the Ummah is unquestionable and his Karaamat (miracles) are mutawaatir (have come down through so many chains of narration that they cannot be denied).

Read about this great saint of Allah in by clicking the following link:

Hazrat Ghaus-e-Azam Shaykh AbdulQadir Jilani (may Allah be pleased with him)

IECRC Staff

Written by Sharaaz Khan

March 22, 2010 at 5:32 pm

Hazrat Baba Fareeduddin Masood Ganj Shakar (May Allah be pleased with him)

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Issue 10

February 2006 / Muharram 1427

Just like the full moon’s sweeping bright light covers the earth for miles on end into and beyond the horizons, similarly the miracles, saintliness, spiritual benefits and bounties of the 13th century CE Saint, Hazrat Baba Fareeduddin Masood Ganj Shakar (may Allah have mercy on him) proclaim a fame that reach beyond the Indian Subcontinent into Arabia, Iran, and the entire Muslim world. And just like the full bloomed flower fragrances the entire garden, the veracious and pious life of   Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) has been resuscitating lifeless and encrusted hearts for centuries. Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him)  is not just one of the most prominent Saints of the Chishtiya Spiritual Order, but the world of Punjabi poetry owes its existence to him.  According to the narrations of historians, the seeds of Punjabi poetry were sown by his blessed hands.  Through his poetry he has guided the astray and made Saints out of thieves.  Even today his poetry is read with much devotion and reverence.  Through his love and sincere struggles Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) removed the thorns of disbelief and polytheism from the Punjab which was the center of idol worship. It was the result of his consistent efforts that hundreds of thousands of misguided people found the light of faith (Iman).  Many candles were lit from this light and this has been ongoing for several centuries.

Syed Mohammad Kirmani (may Allah have mercy on him), the spiritual disciple (mureed) of the Crown of the Scholars (Sultan-ul-Mashaikh) Hazrat Nizamuddin Awliya (may Allah have mercy on him), writes in his famous book “Sair-ul-Awliya” that the blood lineage of Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) traces back to Farrukh Shah Adil, the king of Kabul by 7 generations, to Hazrat Sultan Ibrahim Adham (may Allah have mercy on him) by 17 generations, and by 22 generations to the Rightly Guided Caliph, the Great Hazrat Umar Farooq (may Allah be well pleased with him).  The descendants of Farrukh Shah lost the Sultanate to the brutal attacks of Chengiz Khan forcing Hazrat Baba Fareed’s (may Allah have mercy on him) paternal grandfather Hazrat Qazi Shoaib (may Allah have mercy on him) to migrate from Kabul to India.  This was the time when Punjab, Ajmer, and Delhi were under the Muslim Mughal rule of Shahabuddin Ghori.  When the Mughal emperor discovered the greatness of Hazrat Qazi Shoaib (may Allah have mercy on him), he gifted the entire city of Multan to him.  Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) was the middle born son of Hazrat Kamaluddin Sulaiman, the son of Hazrat Qazi Shoaib (may Allah have mercy on them both).  There are varying reports as to the year of birth of Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him).  Mohammad Akbar Qadri relates in “Hayat-e-Faridi” that the great Saint was born in the year 584 Hijri (about 1188 CE) in the village of Khatwal in Multan, Pakistan. His parents named him Fareeduddin Masood. Who knew that this baby was to become famous as Hazrat Baba Fareeddun Ganj Shakr (may Allah have mercy on him), a star in the history of Islam? History cannot tell us when he became an orphan but historians say that this happened at a very young age. Bibi Qasim Khatoon (may Allah have mercy on her), his blessed mother was very well versed in the Holy Quran and Hadeeth, and labored hard to raise her son in a very religious environment.  In his poetry, Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) mentions the miracles at the hands of his mother and how she was at the extremely high station in spirituality (Wilayat) of Vasalane Haq.

Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) obtained his early education in religious studies in his birth village of Khatwal. He memorized the entire Holy Quran in Arabic, i.e. became a Hafiz at the young age of twelve. He then proceeded for higher learning to main Multan which was the center of knowledge and scholarship at the time. One of the most prominent spiritual disciples of Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him), Sultan-ul-Mashaikh Hazrat Nizamuddin Awliya (may Allah have mercy on him) writes in his “Sair-ul-Arifeen” that the great Saint lodged in Masjid Mawlana Minhajuddin Tirmizi in Multan and began his studies.  Everyday he would complete one recitation of the Holy Quran.  He was about 12 or 13 years old at the time.  Once, when he was reading the book “Nafi’”, he was visited by Hazrat Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki (may Allah have mercy on him), the spiritual disciple (mureed) and successor (Khalifa) of Sultan-ul-Hind Hazrat Khwaja Muinuddin Chishti (may  Allah have mercy on him), who asked him what he was reading.  Hazrat Baba replied with the name of the book which means “one that gives benefit”.  Hazrat Bakhtiar Kaki (may Allah have mercy on him) replied that Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) would receive much benefit from this book.  To this Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) replied that what would truly benefit him was the discipleship of Hazrat Bakhtiar Kaki (may Allah have mercy on him). Saying this, he presented himself humbly to the great Qutb.  Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) was 18 years old at the time.  He fell deeply in love with Hazrat Bakhtiar Kaki (may Allah have mercy on him) and when the great Qutb departed for Delhi from Multan, Hazrat Baba  Fareed went with him.  However after a short time, the Qutb instructed his devotee to return to Multan to complete his mastery of the external sciences of Islam, the Shariat, saying that “the ascetic (zahid) without knowledge is satan”.  Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) diligently pursued his studies for 5 years. Hazrat Nizamuddin Awliya (may Allah have mercy on him) writes in his “Rahat-ul-Quloob” where the Sultanul Mashaikh has compiled all the sayings of his beloved spiritual master, that from Multan the great Saint left for Baghdad Shareef where he visited all the great scholars of his time; topping the list were Shaykhul Mashaikh Hazrat Shahabuddin Soharwardi, Hazrat Shaykh Bahauddin Zakariya Multani, and Shaykh Saifuddin Khizri (may Allah have mercy on them all).  For higher learning he went to Jerusalem, Madina Munawwara, Makka   Mukarrama and Kirman (Iran).  After completing all the external sciences, traveling the Muslim world, and visiting the scholars and Sufi Saints of his time, Hazrat Baba was ecstatic with happiness as the time had now come to visit his beloved Hazrat Bakhtiar Kaki (may Allah have mercy on him). Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) came to Delhi and presented himself in the service of Hazrat Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki (may Allah have mercy on him).  After 3 days the Qutb accepted his hand in the Prophetic spiritual contract (bai’ah) placing his turban (Imama) on him saying that a Sufi scholar should have the ability to remove the rust of the hearts with one spiritual sight (nazar) and take the seekers to their destination – Allah Almighty.  This was the beginning of Hazrat Baba Fareed’s (may Allah have mercy on him) inner spiritual journey at the hands of his beloved Murshid (Spiritual Guide).  Hazrat Bakhtiar Kaki (may Allah have mercy on him) said that a man’s perfection lies in 4 things: sleep less, eat less, speak less and keep less company of the people.  As part of his inner struggles, Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) requested his Murshid for intense spiritual exercises (mujahida).  He was asked to keep the fast of “Tay”, which involves fasting for 3 days and then eating whatever one is presented from the unseen (ghayb).  Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) did as he was instructed and on the third day someone brought him some bread.  However upon eating it he threw it all up.  He went to  Hazrat Bakhtiar Kaki (may Allah have mercy on him) and told him what happened.  The Qutb replied that this was a great mercy upon Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) from his Lord as that food had been prepared from the earnings of an alcoholic.  He was asked to repeat his 3 day fast.  Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) obeyed unquestioningly.  The continuous fast of 6 days made him extremely frail.  The pangs of hunger had him put some pebbles in his mouth and by Allah Almighty’s Mercy and Grace, they turned into sugar! (Sairul Awliya). His Murshid told him that from now on Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) will always be sweet.  And how true that his sweetness is felt even today after a period of over 800 years! This is how he became famous as “Ganj Shakar,” the treasury of sweetness. It was the prayers and spiritual grace (faiz) of his Murshid that people began flocking to Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) and miracles (karamaat) began to abound at his blessed hands.

Hazrat Baba Fareed’s (may Allah have mercy on him) Punjabi poetry in and of itself is a great miracle.  Through it he has given teachings that have transformed the lives and hearts of many.  His poetry teaches reliance on Allah (Tawakkul), satiation (qana’at), patience (sabr), love (muhabbat), and fear of Allah (khaufe Khuda) amongst other essentials of life.  A famous Punjabi couplet of his says:

Rukkhi Sukhi khai ke thanda paani pee e

Fareeda dekh parai chopdee na tarsain jee u

Eat dry food, then drink cold water

Fareed don’t desire your neighbor’s house

When he was sending his distinguished mureed, Hazrat Nizamuddin Awliya (may Allah have mercy on him) to Delhi he advised him “Keep your enemies happy as much as possible; repay your debts as soon as possible; discussion and debate between two people is more beneficial than the individual efforts of one person for 2 years.”  He further advised to keep ones good and bad hidden from people and to make efforts that one remains alive even after one’s death. He further said that those who feed birds will eventually be visited by “Huma”, the king of birds.  In other words he advised to keep oneself involved in small acts of goodness and eventually a great task will be carried through one’s being.  Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) also authored the “Fawaidus Salikeen” which outlines the benefits of spiritual seekers on their spiritual journey to Allah Almighty.

Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) told his Murshid once that people ask him for ta’weez (protective prayers). To this Hazrat Bakhtiar Kaki (may Allah have mercy on him) replied, “Fareeduddin, Ta’weez is Allah’s Name. Give it to the people.”  Through the permission and prayers of his Murshid his blessed hands acquired such blessing and affect that all the Ta’weez he gave alleviated people’s pains. Khwaja Ahmed Siustani, a mureed of his used to bring Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) water for ablution.  One day he did not bring the water. Hazrat Baba Fareed enquired the reason to which the mureed replied that he had severe pain in his back. Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) placed his blessed hands over his disciple’s back and from that point on he never complained of pain.

Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) was blessed with both physical as well as spiritual children.  However his spiritual children, i.e. disciples surpass his blood descendants by a great number.  It is said that there are over 10 million spiritual disciples of Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) in India alone.  In addition to this, his disciples abound in Arabia, and Africa.  In China alone there are 150 spiritual centers (Khanqas) of his spiritual order.  Of his most famous spiritual successors are Hazrat Qutb Jamal-ud-Deen Hanswi, Khwaja Nizamuddin Awliya, and Hazrat Makhdum Alauddin Sabir Kaleri (may Allah have mercy on them all).

Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) spent the last 18 years of his life in Pak Patan, near Multan and Lahore in Pakistan.  Pak Patan was previously known as Ajodhan.  This name meant the “place of magicians,” as this place was filled with evil sorcerers who were engaged in black magic (sahr).  As soon as Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) arrived into Ajodhan, he said that this is where he was meant to stay and this is where he would pass away.  It was the effect of his blessed footsteps that Ajodhan was cleansed and purified of the magicians getting its name as “Pak Patan.”

Towards the end of 669 Hijri Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) became very ill.  He said that his earthly time was now coming to an end and the moment was approaching to meet his Lord.  On the 5th of Muharram, 670 Hijri (about 1271 CE) he performed his night (Isha) prayer in congregation and then passed out.  After he came to, he questioned if he had performed his prayer.  Even though he was assured that he had performed it, he did it again just to be sure.  He did this 3 times.  He then performed a fresh ablution and then went into prostration.  He recited Allah Almighty’s Names “Ya Hayyu Ya Qayyum” and passed away into the Realm of Divine Beatitude in this state of prostration.  He rests in Pak Patan, Pakistan.

Every year, the memorial (Urs) celebrations for Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) are carried out with much devotion from 25th Dhul Hijja to 6th Muharram. People from far and near come to pay their respects to his illumined shrine and gain spiritual benefit by following his teachings. It is our prayer that just like Hazrat Baba Fareed (may Allah have mercy on him) guided people through obedience to every command of Allah Almighty and following the Blessed Practices of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace & Prayers of Allah Almighty be upon Him), may the Muslims live their lives following in his blessed footsteps and practicing his teachings. Ameen.

Syeda Zille Humma Qadri

Research Scholar, IECRC

hummaqadri@yahoo.com

The above article is an edited English translation of the original full length Urdu contribution.

Hazrat Syed Abul Hasan Ali bin Uthman al-Hajweri (rehmatullahi alayhe)

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The 19th of Safar marks the passing anniversary of the great scholar and sufi saint of the Sub-continent who is famously known as Hazrat Daata Ganj Bukhsh rehamatullahi alaye.

Click the following link to read about his life.

Hazrat Daata Ganj Bukhsh (rahmatullahi alayhe)

Written by Sharaaz Khan

February 8, 2010 at 7:38 pm