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Shaykh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehlawi (1551-1642 CE) (May Allah Be Please With Him)

with 5 comments

June 19, 2005 / Jammad-ul Awwal 12, 1426

Issue 8

It is Allah Almighty’s Blessed Manner to take humanity out of polytheism, disbelief and misguidance through His Noble Prophets (may peace be with them all). These holy personalities transport humanity in moments to a state where human thought reaches after many stages of development.

Prophethood was sealed with the Master of the two worlds, the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him). No new Prophet will come after Him (Peace Be Upon Him). However, in order to continue the Prophetic endeavor, immense personalities rose to the occasion who we know as the Noble Friends or Awliya Allah. These are those great individuals for whom the spread of the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) was their life’s purpose.

The Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) said:

No doubt Allah Almighty raises for this Ummat someone at the turn of each century to renew the Deen for it.

[Abu Dawood]

The 11th century Hijri renewer (Mujaddid) and preserver of the Deen of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him), famous scholar of Islam, leader of the scholars of Hadeeth (Muhadditheen), Hazrat Shaykh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehlawi (d. 1642 CE / 1052 Hijri, may Allah be pleased with him) is one such great personality of the Islamic world who needs no introduction.

He was the true pioneer in the Indian Subcontinent in the dissemination of Hadeeth literature. Along with commentary on Hadeeth, he authored many books, the most distinguished of which is the Madarijun Nubuwwat. Originally written in Farsi this magnum opus has been translated into other languages and is a pivotal reference point for modern scholars on the subject of life of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him).

This leader of the Ahle Sunnat interpretation of Islam was born in Dehli in 1551 CE / 958 Hijri. His ancestry hails from originally from Bukhara and includes the names of Agha Muhammad Turk Bukhari, and Sultan Muhammad Alauddin Khilji, who migrated from Bukhara to Dehli. His father, Shaykh Saifuddin Dehlawi a very pious personality was a spiritual disciple (mureed) and Khalifa of the Qadri Spiritual Order (silsila / tareeqa) of Shaykh Amanullah.

He read the entire Quran in 3 months from his father. At the age of 13 he had completed studying books on Islamic Creed (Aqaid) and at the age of 18 had gained all the Islamic knowledges. He had a phenomenal memory. He would narrate his childhood weaning experience as though the incident had occurred yesterday. He studied inheritance laws, logic, and theology under various teachers. He spent 21-22 hours everyday studying and completed all of his education in 7-8 years. He would present his thoughts to his teachers who would remark that they are benefiting from him! He was also blessed to learn the internal knowledges from his father.

It was the time of Akbar during the Mughal rule in India, which was a time of great dishonor of Islam. The Mughal king tried to influence the Shaykh (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him) but the latter’s heart was filled with the love of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) and the king did not succeed in their ill-intentioned efforts. The Shaykh, however, was so disheartened that he left India for Hijaz, where he studied famous texts such as Bukhari, Muslim, Mishkat Shareef and Tasawwuf books under Shaykh Abdul Wahhab Muttaqi (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him). He gained much intellectual and spiritual knowledge and achieved high spiritual stations under this Shaykh.

Shaykh Abdul Haq (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him) arrived into Madinah by the permission of his Shaykh. He stayed there for about a year. While in the lighted city of Madinah, he respectfully walked its streets bare-foot and had the vision of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) 4 times.

He loved to worship and be engaged in spiritual exercises. His first bai’ah (spiritual contract) was with his father. In 1001 Hijri he took bai’ah with Hazrat Musa Pak Shaheed Multan (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him). In Makkah he took bai’ah with Shaykh Abdul Wahhab Muttaqi (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him) in the Qadri, Naqshbandi, Shadhili & Madaniya Spiritual Orders. He then returned to India where he was honored by the bai’ah of Hazrat Khwaja Muhammad Baqi Billah (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him) of the Naqshbandi Spirtual Order at the spiritual command of Hazrat Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him).

Shaykh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehlawi’s (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him) age was one of darkness where the “Mehdavi Tehreek” of Mohammad Jondpuri was at its peak. Jondpuri used to spread the audacious and false claim that he had reached the state of perfection of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) and that this was available to all worshippers, that they could reach his state through worship (may Allah protect us!) Such outrageous beliefs were challenged and proved false by Hazrat Shaykh (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him) and his towering contemporaries: Shaykh Ahmed Sirhindi (Mujaddid Alf Sani), Ibne Hajr Makki, Hazrat Ali Muttaqi (may Allah have mercy on them all). They preserved the Sunnah and great status of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) and spent their lives doing so.

This was a critical period in Islamic history where Akbar, the Mughal king, had ruined the name and message of Islam. He made fun of Prophethood of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) and the Prophetic Ascension (Mi’raj). The sun was worshipped four times a day. Marriage to polytheists was allowed He named his distorted innovation as Deen-e-Ilahi. During this dangerous time, Hazrat Shaykh (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him) raised his voice and started to write against these misguidances to the vizirs and high people in the king’s court. These letters proved to be very effective. These letters spoke of the love of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him).

This was also a time when Hadeeth had almost disappeared in Subcontinent. By Allah Almighty’s Grace the Shaykh (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him) revived this fundamental Islamic Science and began to teach Hadeeth as a mission. He established a Dar-ul-Uloom where all the Islamic Sciences were taught. He spent the rest of his life writing and teaching. Today, all of his writings are regarded with much esteem and respect all over the world. He wrote on every topic in Islam: Tafseer, Logic, Tajweed, Tasawwuf, History, Khutbat, Hadeeth, Ikhlaq, Makatib, Aqaid, Grammar, Poetry, and more. He has written 60 books the most famous of which are:

1.        Ash’aatul Ma’aat (Commentary on Mishkat Shareef; Persian)

2.        Madarijun Nubuwwat (Comprehensive Seerat; Persian)

3.        Akhbarul Akhyar (Syed Tazkirah, Information on the scholars of India; Persian)

4.        Jazbul Quloob fi Diyaril Mahboob (Tareekh-e-Madina, History; Urdu)

5.        Zaudatul Aasar (Manaqib on Ghaus-e-Pak ; Arabic)

6.        Takmeelul Iman (Beliefs of the Ahle Sunnat; Farsi)

7.        Commentary on Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani’s (Peace Be Upon Him) Futuhul Ghayb (Farsi)

8.        Masabt bi Sunnah (Compilation of Hadeeth related to Muamalat in the 12 months; Arabic)

9.        Fahras At-Tawaaleef (Arabic)

10.     Marajul Bahrayn (Tasawwuf; Farsi)

11.     Tauseelul Mureed ilal Muraad (Tasawwuf; Farsi)

If one includes his magazine publications, then there are 116 in total.

The blessed Shaykh (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him) loved the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him). He would go into a state of ecstasy upon hearing His Blessed Name. The following is a translated excerpt of a Naat he wrote in Farsi:

“Recite Naat of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him), but since you cannot do justice to this topic, suffice with mentioning His Beauty.

O Messenger of Allah Almighty, I am distressed due to the separation from your beauty, grant your Vision and have mercy on the life of this lover.

The darkness of showing off has darkened the world. Please come and enlighten it with your Light.”

The sun that had enlightened the air of India passed on to the Divine Realm on 21 Rabiul Awwal, 1052 Hijri at the age of 94 years. Indeed to Allah we belong and to Him is our return. The great scholar and Saint rests in Delhi and his blessed grave is a place for pious visitation. Through his writings Hazrat Shaykh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehlawi (Mercy of Allah Be Upon Him) clarified the high status and station of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) and said that His love is the life of the Deen. His contributions to the renewal and preservation of the essence of Islam are undeniable. We pray that Allah Almighty gives us the Divine Guidance to benefit from the works of this great Friend of His. Aameen.

Syeda Zille Humma Qadri

Syeda Qadri is a research scholar for IECRC. She conducts monthly spiritual and educational gatherings for women and children and is a guest speaker at various religious events. She is an active mother of 3 young children.

Written by iecrc

June 9, 2010 at 4:51 pm

5 Responses

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  1. Jazak Allah for sharing the seerah of Respected Shaikh!

    Muhammad Shakir

    June 17, 2010 at 9:39 am

  2. I want to get a the Book written by Shaykh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehlawi, In this book benefits of Drood Sharief.I do not know the name of this book.When I were a student my teacher gave lecture in light of the book.Since that time I send Drood everyday regularly.
    If you know this book, send me by mail. I’ll pay for that

    Naeem Abbas Khan

    October 13, 2010 at 11:31 am

  3. I was searching for Jazbul Quloob ila Diyaril Mahboob in Farsi unicode and came to this page. I would like to suggest two corrections.
    1) The name of the book is as written above. It actually has ila where you have placed fi.
    2) Please mention clearly that Tareekh-e-Madinah is a translation of Jazbul Quloob by Muhammad Sadiq. The actual book by Shaykh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehlavi is in Persian and could be found at Google Books. For your convenience, here’s the link:
    However, it is not unicode.

  4. Thankful for prividing such valueable informations

    Dr Waqar Azeemi

    September 11, 2014 at 4:15 am

  5. Thank you for this valuable and informative article about my mother’s ancestor. May Allah reward you for your research and hard work. Ameen.


    May 9, 2016 at 9:20 am

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